Woe Woe Woe! To the Inhabitants of the Earth! Theodorus Frelinghuysen

THEODORUS JACOBUS FRELINGHUYSEN: FIRST MINISTER OF THE REFORMED PROTESTANT DUTCH CHURCH IN SOMERSET COUNTY, NEW-JERSEY. 1691-1747

Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, a Dutch Reformed clergyman, was a noted exhorter and revivalist who initiated the Great Awakening in America’s Middle colonies.


And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!

Frelinghuysen, educated at the University of Lingen and influenced by pietistic followers of Gisbertus Voetius, served two pastorates in the lowlands before immigrating to America. When Frelinghuysen arrived in New York in 1720, his contumacious behavior immediately aroused the suspicions of the Dutch ministers there. A fervent pietist, Frelinghuysen chided his clerical colleagues for their personal vanity.

Woe to you, wicked and unconverted ones ! it shall be ill with you. (Isa. 3: 11.) You may here for a time prosper in things temporal, but in the day of death, and of the last judgment, it shall be ill with you; for the fruit and reward of your hands shall be given you, saith the prophet ; that is, you shall be rewarded according to your works ; for ” tribulation and anguish shall be rendered to every soul of man that doeth evil. (Rom. 2 : 9.)